Nati il 26 Settembre

Olympe Bhely-Quenum
September 26, 1928
Donukpa, Dahomey [now Benin]
African French-language novelist, journalist, and short-story writer.

Cyprian (Odiatu Duaka) Ekwensi
September 26, 1921
Minna, Nigeria
Ibo novelist, short-story writer, and children's author whose strength lies in his realistic depiction of the forces that have shaped the African city dweller.

Harrison (Scott) Brown
September 26, 1917 -- December 8, 1986
Sheridan, Wyo., U.S. -- Albuquerque, N.M.
American geochemist known for his role in isolating plutonium for its use in the first atomic bombs and for his studies regarding meteorites and the Earth's origin.

Anthony (Frederick) Blunt
September 26, 1907 -- March 26, 1983
Bournemouth, Hampshire, Eng. -- London
British art historian who late in his life was revealed to have been a Soviet spy.

Albert Anastasia
September 26, 1902 -- October 25, 1957
Tropea, Italy -- New York, N.Y., U.S.
Major American gangster.

George Gershwin
September 26, 1898 -- July 11, 1937
East New York [now in Brooklyn], N.Y., U.S. -- Hollywood, Calif.
One of the most significant and popular of American composers. His primary field was the Broadway musical theatre, but important as well are his compositions in which the techniques and forms of art music are . . .

Paul VI
September 26, 1897 -- August 6, 1978
Concesio, Italy -- Castel Gandolfo
Italian pope of the Roman Catholic church (reigned 1963-78) during a period including most of the second Vatican Council (1962-65) and the immediate postconciliar era, in which he issued directives and guidance to a changing . . .

Marina Ivanovna Tsvetayeva
September 26, 1892 -- August 31, 1941
Moscow, Russia -- Yelabuga
Russian poet whose verse is distinctive for its staccato rhythms, originality, and directness and who, though little known outside Russia, is considered one of the finest 20th-century poets in the Russian language.

Lynd, Robert (Staughton); and Lynd, Helen
September 26, 1892 -- November 1, 1970
New Albany, Ind., U.S. -- Warren, Conn.
American sociologists, husband and wife who collaborated on the Middletown books, which became classics of sociological literature as well . . .

Marina Ivanovna Tsvetayeva
September 26, 1892 -- August 31, 1941
Moscow, Russia -- Yelabuga
Russian poet whose verse is distinctive for its staccato rhythms, originality, and directness and who, though little known outside Russia, is considered one of the finest 20th-century poets in the Russian language.

Hans Reichenbach
September 26, 1891 -- April 9, 1953
Hamburg, Ger. -- Los Angeles, Calif., U.S.
Philosopher and educator (University of Berlin; University of California) who was a leading representative of the Vienna Circle and founder of the Berlin school of logical positivism, a movement that viewed logical statements as revealing only the basic . . .

Charles Munch
September 26, 1891 -- November 6, 1968
Strassburg, Ger. [now Strasbourg, France] -- Richmond, Va., U.S.
Conductor known for his interpretations of works by Johannes Brahms, Claude Debussy, and Maurice Ravel.

Jean Theodore Delacour
September 26, 1890 -- November 5, 1985
Paris, Fr. -- Los Angeles, Calif., U.S.
French-American aviculturist known for discovering and rearing some of the world's rarest birds.

Martin Heidegger
September 26, 1889 -- May 26, 1976
Messkirch, Schwarzwald, Ger. -- Messkirch, W.Ger.
German philosopher, counted among the main exponents of 20th-century Existentialism. He was an original thinker, a critic of technological society, a leading ontologist of his time, and an influence on a younger generation of continental European cultural . . .

T.S. Eliot
September 26, 1888 -- January 4, 1965
St. Louis, Mo., U.S. -- London, Eng.
American-English poet, playwright, literary critic, and editor, a leader of the modernist movement in poetry in such works as The Waste Land (1922) and Four Quartets (1943). Eliot exercised a strong influence on Anglo-American . . .

Sir Barnes (Neville) Wallis
September 26, 1887 -- October 30, 1979
-- Leatherhead, Surrey, Eng.
British aeronautical designer and military engineer who invented the innovative "dambuster" bombs used in World War II.

A(rchibald) V(ivian) Hill
September 26, 1886 -- June 3, 1977
Bristol, Gloucestershire, Eng. -- Cambridge
British physiologist and biophysicist, who received (with Otto Meyerhof) the 1922 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine for discoveries concerning the production of heat in muscles, which helped establish the origin of muscular force in the breakdown of . . .

Feng Yu-hsiang
September 26, 1882 -- September 1, 1948
Hsing-chi-chen, Chihli [now in Hopeh province], China
Chinese warlord, known as the Christian General, who dominated parts of North China from 1918 to 1930.

Alfred-Denis Cortot
September 26, 1877 -- June 15, 1962
Nyon, Switz. -- Lausanne
Conductor, teacher, and one of the outstanding French pianists of the 20th century, known especially for his interpretations of the later Romantic composers.

Lewis Wickes Hine
September 26, 1874 -- November 3, 1940
Oshkosh, Wis., U.S. -- Hastings-on-Hudson, N.Y.
American photographer who used his art to bring social ills to public attention.

Ottokar Czernin, Count
September 26, 1872 -- April 4, 1932
Dimokur, Bohemia, Austria-Hungary [now Dymokury, Czech Republic] -- Vienna, Austria
Foreign minister of Austria-Hungary (1916-18), whose efforts to disengage his country from its participation in World War I failed to prevent the dissolution of . . .

Christian X
September 26, 1870 -- April 20, 1947
Charlottenlund, Den. -- Copenhagen
King of Denmark (1912-47) who symbolized the nation's resistance to the German occupation during World War II.

Winsor McCay
September 26, 1869 -- July 26, 1934
Spring Lake, Mich., U.S.
American artist who was a pioneer of cartoon films.

Arthur B(owen) Davies
September 26, 1862 -- October 24, 1928
Utica, N.Y., U.S. -- Florence
U.S. painter, printmaker, and tapestry designer known for his idylls of classical fantasy painted in a Romantic style but best remembered for his leadership in introducing modern European painting styles into early 20th-century America.

Irving (Addison) Bacheller
September 26, 1859 -- February 24, 1950
Pierpont, N.Y., U.S. -- White Plains, N.Y.
Journalist and novelist whose books, generally set in upper New York State, are humorous and full of penetrating character delineations, especially of rural types.

Aleksandr Mikhaylovich Sibiryakov
September 26, 1849 -- 1893
Irkutsk, Siberia, Russian Empire
Russian gold-mine proprietor, who was noted for both his financing of explorations in Siberia and for his own expeditions in the area.

Joseph Furphy
September 26, 1843 -- September 13, 1912
Yering, near Yarra Glen, Vic., Australia -- Claremont, W. Aus., Australia
Australian author whose novels combine an acute sense of local Australian life and colour with the eclectic philosophy and literary ideas of a self-taught workingman.

Charles Bradlaugh
September 26, 1833 -- January 30, 1891
London -- London
British radical and atheist, a freethinker in the tradition of Voltaire and Thomas Paine, prominent throughout most of the second half of the 19th century for his championship of individual liberties.

Okubo Toshimichi
September 26, 1830 -- May 14, 1878
Kagoshima, Japan -- Tokyo
Japanese politician and one of the samurai leaders who in 1868 overthrew the Tokugawa family, which had ruled Japan for 264 years, and restored the government of the emperor. After the Meiji Restoration he spent much of his career helping to establish Japan as a progressive . . .

Isvar Chandra Vidyasagar
September 26, 1820 -- July 29, 1891
Birsingha, Midnapore district, India
Indian educator and social reformer, considered the father of Bengali prose.

(Francois-Louis-) Paul Gervais
September 26, 1816 -- February 10, 1879
Paris -- Paris
Paleontologist and zoologist who succeeded Georges Cuvier and Henri de Blainville as principal French contributor to vertebrate paleontology.

(Jean-Louis-Andre-)Theodore Gericault
September 26, 1791 -- January 26, 1824
Rouen, Fr. -- Paris
Painter who exerted a seminal influence on the development of Romantic art in France. Géricault was a fashionable dandy and an avid horseman whose dramatic paintings reflect his colourful, energetic, and somewhat morbid personality.

Nassau William Senior
September 26, 1790 -- June 4, 1864
Compton Beauchamp, Berkshire, Eng. -- London
British classical economist who exercised much influence in the political affairs of his day.

Christopher Hansteen
September 26, 1784 -- April 15, 1873
Christiania [now Oslo], Nor. -- Christiania
Norwegian astronomer and physicist noted for his research in geomagnetism.

John Chapman
September 26, 1774 -- March 18, 1845
Leominster, Mass. -- near Fort Wayne, Ind., U.S.
Missionary nurseryman of the North American frontier who helped prepare the way for 19th-century pioneers by supplying apple-tree nursery stock throughout the Middle West.

Johann (David Ludwig) Yorck von Wartenburg, Graf
September 26, 1759 -- October 4, 1830
Potsdam, Prussia [now in Germany] -- Klein-Öls, Silesia [now Oleshnica, Pol.]
Prussian field marshal, reformer, and successful commander during the Wars of Liberation (1813-15) against France. His initiative in signing a separate neutrality . . .

Joseph-Louis Proust
September 26, 1754 -- July 5, 1826
Angers, Fr. -- Angers
French chemist who proved (1808) that the relative quantities of any given pure chemical compound's constituent elements remain invariant, regardless of the compound's source, and thus provided crucial evidence in support of John Dalton's "law of definite proportions," which holds . . .

Moses Mendelssohn
September 26, 1729 -- January 4, 1786
Dessau, Anhalt [Germany] -- Berlin, Prussia
German-Jewish philosopher, critic, and Bible translator and commentator who greatly contributed to the efforts of Jews to assimilate to the German bourgeoisie.

Friedrich Melchior Grimm, Freiherr von
September 26, 1723 -- December 19, 1807
Ratisbon -- Gotha, Saxe-Gotha
Critic of German descent who played an important part in the spread of 18th-century French culture throughout Europe.

Richard Grenville-Temple Temple, 1st Earl, VISCOUNT COBHAM, BARON COBHAM
September 26, 1711 -- September 12, 1779
London, Eng. -- Stowe, near Buckingham, Buckinghamshire
English statesman, the brother-in-law of William Pitt, under whom he served as first lord of the Admiralty.

Francis Daniel Pastorius
September 26, 1651 -- September 1, 1720
Sommerhausen, Bavaria [Germany] -- Germantown, Pa. [now U.S.]
German educator, humanitarian, author, and public official who helped settle Pennsylvania and was founder of Germantown, Pa.